Parasites are microorganisms that live and eat other organisms. The parasite usually harms the host's body. Usually people break down parasites into species such as carnivores and plant-eating plants. Plant-eating animals include protozoa, helminths, spiders, insects and others. Phytoparasites include bacteria, fungi, some higher plants and others.
Viruses are also parasites. In most cases, in order to survive, the parasite needs to change two or three hosts, in which they cause biological depletion and weakness. Often lead to the death of the owner. Most of these parasites are responsible for many diseases in humans. In medical terms, a parasite is any organism with a parasitic lifestyle. The exceptions are bacteria, viruses and fungi.
Diagnosis of human parasites
There are a number of human diseases caused by parasites such as protozoa, parasitic worms, arthropods and pathogenic microorganisms. The simplest types of parasites include amoebas, leishmania, lamblia, plasmodium, trypanosome, balantid, pneumoniast, toxoplasmia and others. To parasitic worms - helminths. Arthropods - insects and ticks. And for pathogenic microorganisms - bacteria and spirochetes that are parasitic on ticks, fleas, lice, fungi and viruses that cause disease.
The main purpose of parasites is to hide their existence. That is, they live inattentive in the host's body. Analysis of parasites involves observing their release (amoeba, fraction, worms, pinworms) or the product of parasitic reproduction (eggs, protozoa). Feces, urine, sputum or tissues of the human body (blood and lymph nodes) is diagnosed.
Let's highlight the list of studies used for this:
- histological clone;
- histological analysis;
- immunological (serological) assay;
- microscope (hemoscanning);
- electric acupuncture (ART - plant magnetic resonance test).
Histological contrast analysis involves diagnosing thin parts of a stool sample using an optical system. It can clearly identify the parts of the helminth, eggs and shell (epidermis) of the larvae. Therefore, helminthiasis was discovered. An additional feature of this method is to determine the type of parasite found.
More effective serum blood test, which detects antibodies to the helminth. This is also called immunological (serological) testing. The essence of testing is the use of a variety of chemical reagents and tracer. They are used to establish certain types of antibodies and parasitic antigens in human blood. Immunoassay is performed only in medical laboratories.
Microscope analysis is based on using dark field, fluorescence microscope, and electron microscope. This diagnosis makes it possible to study living or stationary microscopic objects, as well as cellular and subcellular structures.
The acupuncture method is based on the use of special devices to determine basic data about the state of human health. This method examines different areas of the skin.
Histological analysis is a popular method of examining feces for the presence of different types of parasites. In most cases, it is used to determine the penetration of helminths in human biological materials. Used for adults and children.
Hemoscanning (blood test) helps to establish the state of the major components of the blood and the purity of the plasma. When analyzing the parasites based on this method, the blood is untreated (ie, no drying or staining). Examination of it is done with a microscope connected to a video camera. Furthermore, there is an increase in material samples that are investigated under a microscope for 1800-2000 times. At this point, the monitor will play the captured image and also take pictures or record videos. Hemoscanning allows you to collect data about the state of the immune system and its activity, as well as reveal the presence of bacteria, fungi, and helminth larvae.
ART (plant resonance assay) is based on a biological resonance phenomenon formed between drugs and the human body. Substances that carry information about the frequencies of many different types of parasites act as a drug. In 1989, all data on the frequencies of many types of parasites, fungi and viruses were discovered and recorded. This type of study provides an opportunity to assess a person's state at a given point in time. That is, establish the level of disturbances of the immune system, as well as the load of viruses and bacteria on the human body, eliminate toxins, reduce the body's response to antigens and allergens. different, v. v.
In the laboratory where ART analysis, particular attention was paid to the level of eosinophils. It is their overestimation indicating the presence of allergic reactions due to parasitic infestation. Eosinophils are a type of white blood cell that can detoxify bacteria. They are involved in the allergic process of the human body and can be stained with acidic dyes. That is, in other words, eosinophils are a sign of the infestation of the parasite in the normal human immune state.
Analyze parasites - which one is better
There are many types of tests, and which one is best to pass is at the discretion of the attending physician. The most commonly used tests are blood and stool to identify the different types of parasites. Among blood tests for parasites it is possible to distinguish the following types:
- blood test for lamblia;
- blood test for opisthorchiasis pathogen (determination of IgG antibodies);
- blood test for echinococcus pathogen;
- blood test to find the pathogen of Toxocariasis;
- blood test for helminthiasis;
- tests blood to find the cause of ringworm.
The material to be studied in all of the above methods is blood taken from a vein.
The manure was used as research material for the detection of helminths. Because in them they are often and easier to find.
Who should be checked?
A blood test to look for parasites is performed for patients complaining of an impairment of overall health. As you know, there are hundreds of parasitic families on the human body. Many of them create toxins that poison the blood. Some reduce the amount of nutrients. And at the same time, diseases that occur due to the living activity of the parasite are difficult to identify. Because the symptoms are similar to those of many diseases. A blood test helps to establish the amount of antibodies and specific immunoglobulins in the human body. They are parasitic markers.
In many cases, blood is additionally diagnosed by PCR (polymerase chain reaction). This study is considered effective and reliable. Its main advantage is the advantage of establishing multiple diseases at a time where other diagnostics are powerless.
It is also advisable to have a blood test for parasites in preparation for vaccination, during pregnancy and after the end of parasitic treatment. This analysis must be performed several times (immediately after treatment and after one to three months).